Research on Application of 4D Thinking in Inter-disciplinary Design Instructional Process
In recent years, in global trend of education, inter-disciplinary talent cultivation is always the objective of instruction. By this instructional process, it aims to develop “T” shape talents with social concern and inter-disciplinary innovation development in order to enhance students’ competence of employment and innovative business. Hence, this study focuses on curriculum to integrate 4D Thinking in inter-disciplinary cooperation and by action research and participant observation, it analyzes overall instructional process.
According to research analysis, inter-disciplinary design instructional process is classified into four stages: (1) pre-planning of curriculum: it should include the team of at least two teachers and by several times of instructional study, it establishes the integrated knowledge scope and drawing of curriculum map; (2) curriculum practice phase: 4D Thinking can be adjusted as “KM-4D-E” instructional model, including construction of theoretical knowledge and methodology, place observation experience, problem discovery and definition, design thinking and creative development, design practice manufacturing and proposal and evaluation; (3) proposal of curriculum outcome: it invites experts and place partners to introduce proposal and have mutual discussion and evaluation; (4) course review and reflection: it adopts teachers’ observation, TA journals and interview with students and arranges dialogue and discussion among place partners, teachers and students as reference to modify curriculum.
In addition, this study suggests that the same curriculum in the future should be at least based on one academic year. It should establish cross axle (scope) and vertical axle (depth) network of inter-disciplinary instruction by concentric circles and module concept which is adjusted and modified according to evolution of problems in order to respond to changeable future world. By instructional experience and process analysis result of this study, it aims to serve as reference for future inter-disciplinary instruction or related research.
4D Design Thinking, Inter-disciplinary, Instructional Design
Eurasian Conference on Educational Innovation 2018
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